Self-Administered Police Service Agreements
The Canadian government has worked with First Nation and Inuit municipalities, as well as provinces and territories, to significantly improve public safety in these communities. In 2012-13, the FNPP funded 163 police agreements representing approximately 1,250 professional police officers trained and engaged in some 400 First Nation and Inuit municipalities, and a total population of more than 338,000 people. (see link for more information) Public Safety Canada provides funding to support police services that respond professionally, engaged and responsive to the First Nation and the Inuit communities they serve. The program operates in accordance with First Nations policing policy, a national framework for the provision of policing in the First Nation and Inuit communities. Police services are supported by tripartite police agreements between the federal government, provincial or territorial governments, and First Nation or Inuit communities. The federal, provincial and regional governments each make funds available for these agreements. The FNPP operates on the principles of tripartite partnerships with municipalities, provinces and territories. There are four types of agreements that are managed by the program: under the NPFF, the federal government pays 52% and the provincial or territorial government 48% of the costs of the First Nations police service. Table 1 shows the number of agreements by province and region. In the future, Public Safety Canada will continue to work with Aboriginal organizations and communities, as well as provincial and territorial governments, to ensure that Aboriginal communities across the country continue to benefit from professional, engaged and culturally reactive policing work – Honorary Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Prevention Ralph Goodale , will speak on March 30, 2016 at the Forum of First Nations Assemblies and Police in Regina, SK. “I want to listen very carefully to what you have to say and enjoy the Council and the wisdom you represent.” Under this program, the Canadian government is investing $88.6 million over seven years starting in 2019 to improve police facilities in First Nation and Inuit municipalities. These investments will help the First Nation and Inuit communities ensure that their police infrastructure meets standards for buildings, police facilities and health and safety standards. Since the early 1990s, when First Nations policing was put in place, the policing world has changed a lot.
While the program has had measurable and positive effects in the First Nation and Inuit communities where it operates, Aboriginal communities still face higher crime rates than in the rest of Canada, with unique socio-economic factors. The Government of Canada is committed to establishing a renewed relationship with Aboriginal peoples, with the opportunity to re-establish this important relationship on the basis of respect, cooperation and partnership. This includes closer cooperation with indigenous organizations and communities to support common priorities and better meet their needs.