Answer: Collective bargaining is a voluntary process and must be conducted freely and in good faith. It can cover all working and employment conditions and regulate relations between employers and workers, as well as between employers` and workers` organisations. It is up to the social partners to decide what will be dealt with in their negotiations. Among the themes of collective bargaining defined by the ILO`s Committee for Freedom of Association are: wages, benefits and allowances, working time, annual leave, selection criteria in the event of dismissal, coverage of collective agreements and the granting of trade union institutions. Most countries have legislation or regulations governing the continued recognition of the union and whether existing collective agreements remain in force in the event of closure or transfer of ownership. National practice can offer some flexibility of application, taking into account the conditions of transfer of ownership, such as bankruptcy.B. With regard to good practices for multinational enterprises, the ILO MNE statement contains the following recommendations: “If multinational companies operate in developing countries where comparable employers may not exist, they should provide the best possible wages, benefits and working conditions under government policy. These should be linked to the economic situation of the company, but at least sufficient to meet the basic needs of workers and their families. » [2] 1.

What is Fayol`s “body spirit”? (Delhi 2011) I did it. Fayol`s “body spirit” principle suggests that management should promote a team spirit of unity and harmony among employees. Question: Should the employer recognize and negotiate with all the unions that my workers want to organize? It is also necessary to provide workers` representatives with facilities that enable them to carry out their tasks quickly and efficiently, taking into account the size and capabilities of the company concerned. [5] The ILO`s statement on the MNE encourages governments in countries of origin and host countries to encourage collective bargaining between multinational enterprises and their workers: “Governments, particularly in developing countries, should strive to take appropriate measures to ensure that lower income groups and less developed regions benefit as much as possible from the activities of multinationals.” [3] The MNE statement also states that “measures adapted to national conditions should be taken, if necessary, to promote and encourage the full development and use of voluntary bargaining mechanisms between employers or employers` organisations and workers` organisations to regulate employment conditions through collective agreements.” [4] In addition, voluntary bargaining of collective agreements is a fundamental aspect of freedom of association, which involves the obligation to negotiate in good faith the maintenance of harmonious labour relations.